IMPORTANCE OF TRAINING AND CAPACITY BUILDING :- Trainings/Capacity building have the following elements in our context. • Responsiveness to the increasing democratic needs and expectations of the citizens. Predominant in Nation’s consciousness these days are Inclusive development and more on client oriented approach, where citizens are treated with more respect and sensitivity. • Commitments to democratic values especially participatory approach of development. • To keep up with adequate awareness of technological, economic and social developments. • Accountable to citizens with excellent performance in every field, keeping in view the need to maintain cost effective delivery methods and sustainable development. • To improve Service Delivery system in the relevant sectors to meet the need of the citizens.
Today, we are living in an age of Computer. Computers have made quite an impact on the modern office management, institutes, business and other organizations. It is used extensively to handle tedious paperwork, to provide better service and to assist in decision making. We are witnessing a gradual but distinct evolution in the office of today, when functioning in all the offices is being automated and efforts are being made to link different offices electronically. Information about such offices could also be made available at one click of the button. Therefore it has become very essential to know something about computer.
(2). RTI Act, 2005
The State Academy of Training (ATI), Imphal has been taking up the UNDP assisted Project Capacity Building for Access to Information since the year, (2007-08) with the financial assistance from the DoPT, (Training Division) Govt. of India. The project takes a comprehensive approach in pursuit of increased access to information for attaining improved/good governance.
ABOUT THE ACT :
The Right to Information Act, 2005 was enacted by the Central Govt. in the month of June, 2005. When gone through the Preamble and Objective of the Act, the following observation could be made. (i) The old system/trend of governance keeping the information in the hands of the public authorities alone has to be brought to a change by giving more right to the citizens of the country enabling them to get information from the public authorities. (ii) Officials Secrets Act, 1923 has been superceded to this extent. (iii) Demands for information from the public and supply of information by the authority are in conflicting situation for which a balance/ compromised point has to be arrived at. (iv) Therefore, certain category of information which are in the interest of the authority and country as a whole and also on the ground of consideration of resource constraint, etc. cannot be given to the public.
RTI Act, 2005 AT ATI LEVEL
During 2008-09: In order to implement the Act in true spirit, the Academy has been taking up training programmes, mass awareness programmes etc. so that the same is implemented in true spirit. State Govt. authorities including PIO’s, APIO’s and deemed PIO’s have been trained covering about 891nos. This imparting training to the Govt. employees is in one way for the officers to be well equipped on the contents of the Act so that any information seeker would be helped out when demands are made. In order to give the real meaning and spirit of the Act, giving training to the NGO’s/citizens is also not less in importance. Rather, the citizens/public mass would be taught about the contents of the act in detail so that they get the desired information from the authority concerned. It is quite automatic that when the citizens are free to get the information from the public authorities, transparency in the working of the public authorities is the result. This will ultimately achieve of what the citizens aimed at i.e., good governance for the Govt. as well as for the governed. The project namely CAPACITY BUILDING FOR ACCESS TO INFORMATION has been confined to only 2 districts of the state as per the guideline of the Govt. of India although the state has 9 districts in total. Therefore, during the tenure of the said project many PIO’s/APIO’s and deemed PIO’s could not be covered. Even then, a good number of Govt. Officials at the level of PIO’s/APIO’s and deemed PIO’s were covered under the Project. The role of the Academy in implementation of the Act is basically giving training to the Govt. employees and creating Mass awareness to the general public through various means.
3 Days RTI ACT, 2005
Course The 1st day was meant for lectures from the resource persons on the Act which was for 7 hours with 2/3 breaks in between. The 2nd day was meant for Group Works of the participants, asking them for group wise presentation on certain/specific chapter of the Act. The 3rd Day was meant for Written Test on the Act and Assessment made by the Resource Persons.
2 Days RTI ACT, 2005
Course In the case of 2-Days Duration Programme, 1st Day was meant for Lecture by the Resource Person(s) and the 2nd Day was refer Group Work and Written Test. Keeping in view the level of the trainees and their absorption capacity, the duration of the programme was fixed.
1 Day RTI ACT, 2005
Course In the 1-Day programme, basically Lecture by Resource Persons and Interactive Session were carried out. Time duration for 1-Day programme of training was 8 hours.
(3) Capacity Building for Poverty reduction (during 2008-09):
Keeping in view of the guidelines of the project and sectors to be selected, it is without any debate that project training initiative will have indirect impact on poverty reduction to the social mass & public When given a thought in the Poverty Reduction Programme, the nearest and most relevant sectors to be selected have been identified as AGRICULTURE and RTI ACT, 2005. The channel of transfer of Knowledge for the Training will be through the officials of Revenue Department and Agriculture who are posted in the concerned areas. Agriculture sector has a direct relevancy to the Poverty Reduction Programme by working on the technologies to increase Crop Production. RTI Act has also been chosen as it will facilitate in bringing Good Governance, improved public Service delivery system. In taking up the Training programmes, NGOs /Clubs of the locality will also be involved. All the officials of the relevant sectors, NGO’s / Clubs of the locality, Resources persons on the concerned subjects (basically Agriculture and RTI Act) will have an open discussion and Workshop to finalise the modality of the training programme. The Workshop may be of 2 days duration